батикAsian people have brought the huge contribution to development of world culture to the authentic painting and other crafts that have become part of Western culture. One of them is the art of batik, painting techniques of tissue using a variety of methods and getting different results. Batik may be present in the garment, in the pictures at the bed-clothes, furniture and other decorative textile decorations, which embody the unique spirit of ethnic cultures.

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History of batik

Batik is associated with Indonesia, but this painting is applied not only there. The word itself Indonesian batik and translated this is nothing but «a drop of wax» – the cornerstone of the original ancient equipment. Despite the fact that in Europe batik found its niche only in the twentieth century, this painting lives around for thousands of years, going from continent to continent, increasing and getting more variety of styles and techniques.

The technique of batik-painting used in Ancient Egypt and India, and during this Millennium, many historical sources cited as an example of luxurious decorated clothing fabric, which touched the hand of masters of batik. In one form or another batik was known in the Middle East and Asia, as well as the peoples living on the territory of West Africa. But, of course, throughout the life of batik, it connected and associated with Indonesia, where he caught the most firmly and where we come from different techniques of working with a cloth. The most important period in the development of the art of batik can be considered the seventeenth century, when the clothes, painted in this technique, has gained in importance Javanese Sultanate.

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The essence of the technique

Traditionally batik – painting is handmade, which requires great skill and care. Later appeared the technique of drawing with the help of stamps, which greatly sped up the process. But even today, despite the possibilities and techniques of application, namely the hand batik most appreciated.

In the basis of batik is the principle of the so-called reservation. It refers to applying the fabric composition, which reserves a certain section of the cloth, i.e. does not let paint over their borders. Thanks to this sharp pictures, interesting patterns obtained by different ways of murals, mosaic, graphics, watercolor, stained.

There are three basic techniques of painting on fabric – cold, hot and nodular batic. Планги – Indian way nodular batic has varied within techniques: you can use both dry and wet cloth, and the results will be different.

Nodular batic like modern beginners to masters or simply lovers of this painting of the effect of surprise. The fabric first bandage small knots on the surface, but is not random, but on the desired schema, then painted. With a ready-dyed fabric deleted threads connecting knots, and get a pattern that can be as clear and vague, depending on the dryness or moisture and type of tissue. The most appropriate for this kind of batik is considered cotton fabric.

Hot batik is the most complicated technique, which is peculiar to traditional painting, came from Indonesia. Reserve the performing molten hot wax, which, after the completion of the painting of the need to carefully remove the tissue. Most often for hot batik use a cotton cloth.

Cold batik is running on silk or other tissues. It is also called European, and unlike traditional Indonesian hot simpler and more adapted for beginners. The main difference from the hot is that the hot batik implies a multi-layer method of applying paint, when the light tint should be more dark and cold batik requires a single layer of paint with a Foundation of organic compounds фениламина. With the help of cold batik fabric decorated with beautiful water color paintings, ornaments in the technique of free painting.

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Batik today

Modern batik amazes with the variety. Fabrics were decorated not only painted ornaments, they complement the decorative elements, such as beads, beads, rhinestones, repeating the features of the figure, making it a large and impressive.

Anyone today can learn the technique of batik courses, and if you want to just buy a particular item, handpainted in this technique, nothing is impossible. In specialized boutiques and online stores you can buy scarves, shawls, skirts, dresses, skirts, cushions, curtains and other accessories, which captures a beautiful picture in a recognizable Indonesian style.

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