криотерапияCryotherapy, cryosurgery cryosurgery target destruction is a form of therapeutic procedures aimed at the destruction of diseased tissues, including cancer cells. Cryotherapy and cryosurgery, essentially interchangeable procedures, while the term «cryosurgery is used to denote cryotherapy, involving surgery.

During cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen or argon is conducted by a special applicator with thick needle (a cryoprobe), and the gas forms an extremely low temperature, destroying disease tissues. If the procedure requires internal location of a cryoprobe, specialist monitors its activities and movement with the help of visual devices, ultrasound, installations computed tomography or magnetic resonance.

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Types of cryotherapy

Distinguish external, percutaneous and surgical cryotherapy. External procedures, as a rule, are applied in the treatment of skin disorders and eye lesions. If the affected tissue located below the skin, under the skin usual needle applicator. In some cases, subcutaneous lesions require surgical intervention.

Cryotherapy is shown in the following ailments:

  • Skin tumors
  • Precancerous spots and moles
  • Plaques
  • Warts and senile fibroids
  • Large freckles
  • Retinoblastoma (children’s cancer)
  • Prostate cancer, liver and cervical (cervical) zones, especially in those cases when surgical intervention is excluded

Cryotherapy is often used in the treatment of tumors of the kidneys, bone tumors (especially in the area of the spine), with lung cancer and breast cancer, benign tumors of the mammary glands (fibroadenoma). Scientists continue to investigate the efficacy of cryotherapy, trying to figure out how long could be provided by a cold effect, but already today the undisputed effectiveness of cryotherapy is proved by the example of many patients.

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Preparation for cryotherapy

To eliminate the possible discomfort for half an hour before the procedures of external cryotherapy some experts advise their patients to take the ibuprofen (400mg), with a small dose of antibiotics helps to avoid infectious contamination. At a deeper processing of damaged tissues, such as the treatment of tumors, patients for some time before the procedure is strongly recommended not to use drugs to thin the blood.

If you are scheduled for cryotherapy, inform specialist about all medicines that you are taking at the moment, including Fyodorovka. The doctor should know about any allergies, especially on drugs local or General anesthesia, and to contrast agents containing iodine. Before performing the procedure, your doctor may advise you to stop taking aspirin, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, and drugs and medicines, blood-thinning.

Women must inform the attending physician and specialist recruitment of contrasting materials about the existing or suspected pregnancy .

Radioactive effects on the fetus is not very desirable, so most medical tests with image acquisition during pregnancy have not been conducted. In cases when without an x-ray is simply not enough, doctors are required to take all precautions to minimize the effects of x-rays on the fetus in the womb.

Treatment of deep and extensive tumors, accompanied the patient’s stay in hospital for some time, but, as a rule, in 24 hours, the patient may leave the clinic. Cryotherapy, involving extensive surgical intervention, that is, cryosurgery, requires a longer period of hospitalization.

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Advantages and disadvantages of cryotherapy

Advantages:

  • The period of recovery for patients with a tumor of the kidney or liver with cryotherapy with open surgical intervention is much shorter than with open surgical removal of the tumor.
  • Cryotherapy less painful compared with radiofrequency ablation or treatment of the affected areas of high-temperature methods.
  • Percutaneous cryotherapy less traumatic than open surgery, as for the introduction of a cryoprobe under the skin rather small incision, which in turn significantly reduces the risk of damage to healthy tissue.
  • After treatment fibroadenoma cryotherapy does not cause excessive hardening of tissues and leaves virtually invisible scar.

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The risks and side effects

As with any procedure involving percutaneous penetration, with cryotherapy may bleeding.

In the procedure, cryotherapy, there is a risk of damage to healthy tissue, such as the processing of the liver, the possible risk of injury to the bile duct, in the treatment of kidney, ureter, when prostate cryotherapy may be damaged rectum.

Sometimes cryotherapy, which is in close proximity to the lungs or the diaphragm may cause lung collapse, or the accumulation of liquid in okololegochnykh area.

Exposure to extremely low temperatures can cause the nerve damage and numbness in certain parts of the body.

Do not forget about the possible side effects of anesthetics, because treatments and cryotherapy is not without anesthesia.

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