диета 5Therapeutic diets for various diseases play a huge role in treating patients. In diseases of the liver, gallbladder, biliary tract in patients special feeding – diet-5. Menu for the week with this diet is made to the doctor’s recommendations: some products are excluded from the diet, changing the method of preparation.

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The value of diet

Even in ancient times, people have noticed that food has a huge impact on human health: other products worsen the condition of internal organs, while others help you recover. But only in the beginning of XX century Manuel Pevzner systematized knowledge on clinical nutrition and developed fifteen “diet tables to suffering from various diseases. These developments nutritionists use to this day.

Any therapeutic diet aims to create the most favorable conditions for restoration of functions of unhealthy organs and improve the condition of these functions.

Of particular importance diet gets in the treatment of diseases of the digestive system: stomach, pancreas, intestines, liver, gall bladder.

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Particular diet №5

Diet table number five is designed for those who suffer from diseases of the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts. Gentle for these bodies diet allows you to restore the liver and gall bladder, to normalize their work, to improve the separation of bile.

The diet is prescribed for acute cholecystitis and acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis (non-acute); cirrhosis of the liver (without hepatic insufficiency). It is important that the diet is prescribed only to those patients who do not suffer from pronounced diseases of the stomach and intestines. Shows diet after gallbladder removal.

Diet №5 excludes foods rich in purines, extractive substances, cholesterol, oxalic acid, essential oils, and products of oxidation of fat, which are formed during roasting.

The menu includes a sufficient amount of fiber and fluids, proteins and carbohydrates are not limited, and the number of high-melting fats in the diet significantly reduced. Total calorie a day diet is to 2500-2900 calories. Eat five to six times per day in the form of heat. Fried foods are forbidden, you can only cook and bake products.

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Prohibited and permitted products

диета 5You can’t eat freshly baked bread, buns, products of puff pastry, fried pies. Resolved yesterday’s bread, biscuit, persistent cookies, pasta, wheat non-short pastry.

Banned any broth from meat, fish, poultry and mushrooms, and hash and green soup. Resolved vegetarian soups with vegetables or cereals, milk and fruit soups without fried stations.

Excluded from the diet any fatty meat, sausages and smoked meats, canned and most offal (liver, kidney, brain). Nothing you can’t cook. You can eat lean meat, poultry without skin, steam or boiled meats. Occasionally permitted sausages.

Have to give up fatty, smoked and salted fish, and canned fish. Low-fat boiled fish in its natural form or in the form of cutlets, quenelles and souffle allowed.

Fatty dairy products (cream, whole milk, sour cream, fat cottage cheese, cheese) is significantly limited. Permitted bold cheese, mild cheese low-fat milk and milk products.

Eggs can be boiled soft-boiled or cooked protein omelet. Vegetables can be eaten fresh, boiled, stewed, marinades and pickles are excluded from spinach, sorrel, radish, radish, garlic, green onions and mushrooms have to give up. Fruits and berries it is desirable to use sweet. Chocolate, ice cream and fatty creams banned. We also exclude spicy seasonings – mustard, horseradish, pepper. You cannot drink coffee, cocoa and cold drinks. From fat Pets butter in a small number of ready meals, and refined vegetable oils. Mayonnaise, margarine, beef, mutton and pork fat should be excluded.

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Sample menu for a week

To make the menu you can own, combining approved products and eliminating from the diet of the forbidden food. During the day you should drink at least two liters of fluid. At night every day, you can additionally drink a glass of kefir.

Drinks are recommended mineral water, tea, broth hips, fruit juice, yogurt, fruit compotes and jellies.

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Monday

  • Breakfast: milk rice porridge with butter, boiled egg.
  • Second Breakfast: cottage cheese cake with sour cream.
  • Lunch: vegetarian cabbage soup, boiled meat with braised carrots.
  • Afternoon tea: biscuits.
  • Dinner: boiled macaroni and cheese.

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Tuesday

  • Breakfast: Apple salad with carrots, steam meat cutlets with mint sauce.
  • Second Breakfast: fresh apples.
  • Lunch: potato soup, boiled fish with braised cabbage.
  • Afternoon tea: biscuits.
  • Dinner: buckwheat casserole.

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Environment

  • Breakfast: protein omelet, milk porridge.
  • Second Breakfast: baked Apple.
  • Lunch: vegetable soup, boiled chicken with boiled rice and milk sauce.
  • Afternoon snack: fruit juice.
  • Dinner: boiled fish with mashed potatoes.

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Thursday

  • Breakfast: cottage cheese with butter and sour cream.
  • Lunch: pasta with butter.
  • Lunch: soup, oatmeal, cabbage.
  • Afternoon snack: a glass of kefir.
  • Dinner: milk rice porridge with butter, cheese.

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Friday

  • Breakfast: cottage cheese with milk, buckwheat porridge with butter.
  • Second Breakfast: carrot puree.
  • Lunch: veggie soup, lapshevnik with boiled meat.
  • Afternoon snack: fresh fruit.
  • Dinner: boiled fish with salad and mashed potatoes.

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Saturday

  • Breakfast: boiled egg, oatmeal milk porridge.
  • Second Breakfast: baked Apple.
  • Lunch: milk soup with pasta, cheesecake with sour cream.
  • Afternoon snack: fruit juice, biscuits.
  • Dinner: milk semolina porridge, prunes.

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Sunday

  • Breakfast: potato salad with vegetable oil.
  • Second Breakfast: cottage cheese with sour cream.
  • Lunch: veggie soup, steam meat patties with vermicelli.
  • Afternoon snack: baked Apple.
  • Dinner: cheese dumplings.

Maria Bykova

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