Питание при повышенном холестерине

Under the terrible word “cholesterol is a lipid that is present in every cell of our body. The substance is needed to keep the digestive system, the formation of new cells, and the synthesis of hormones and other processes. The body itself produces the necessary number of “good” cholesterol. Another thing, if someone is abusing fatty foods and alcohol. This increases the blood levels of substances with a “bad” reputation, which in the future may result in the development of atherosclerosis. If the indicator was above the norm, shown special diet for high cholesterol.

Main principles

  1. For the good cause will have to renounce their favorite products, such as sour cream, cream, butter, mayonnaise. Prefer milk, cream cheese, kefir, natural yogurt low fat content.
  2. Reduce the daily norm of animal fats. So, one serving of meat should not exceed 100, however, pay attention to product quality. Proper nutritional care in increased food cholesterol involves the use of diet meat, poultry without the skin, and the refusal of the fatty pork, fat, duck meat, geese and all meat offal.
  3. Eggs has long been a battleground of the doctors who was involved in the development of the diet with increased content of cholesterol in the blood. Recent studies have confirmed that can be consumed even the yolk, but very moderate. Eaten 2-3 eggs a week will not affect your performance.
  4. Meat products and eggs is recommended to eat separately from starchy foods – rice, potatoes, etc. is Better such dishes will be combined with salads of fresh vegetables and greenery.
  5. Give preference sparing methods of heat treatment of food. On the diet for high cholesterol refuse recipes grilled dishes. Preferably stewed, boiled, baked products, steamed or grilled.
  6. With great respect is to treat the vegetable oils – olive, sunflower, flax. In their structure there are special substances – phytosterols that reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the digestive tract. Fry in such oils, of course, bezvrednoe than animals, but under heating will still be destroyed important matter. So it is best to use vegetable oil as a dressing for salads, pasta, cereals on the water.
  7. Menu diet with increased cholesterol important role should be played by the products that are rich in fiber. This is necessary in order directly from body fat daily learned not more than 20-30 %. Vegetable fibers absorb dietary cholesterol, so it is in the digestive tract less absorbed. So lean on cereals, vegetables and fruits. Especially useful apples and carrots, grapefruits and grapes, Hercules and legumes, whole wheat bread, all kinds of cabbage, beets and avocado, onion and garlic and some other products, which can be viewed in a specially prepared table.
  8. Moderate consumption of monounsaturated oils that are present in seeds, seeds, nuts diet for high cholesterol are also welcomed. You can eat these products directly, such as snacking between meals. And you can add vegetable salads – is very unusual and tasty.
  9. Fat sea fish is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The product contains omega-3, which contribute to the normalization of lipid metabolism in the body and reduce the level of “bad” cholesterol.
  10. Power at elevated cholesterol involves organizing meals every 3-4 hours. It turns out that in the day you should have three main meals and 2-3 snacks.

Useful additions

Talk to your doctor about to start taking a vitamin-mineral complex. The elasticity of vascular walls increase the B vitamins, retinol, tocopherol, ascorbic acid, selenium, zinc, calcium, chromium, L-carnitine, pantein. If you treat confidentially herbal medicine, may Supplement a diet for high cholesterol herbal treatments.

Particularly useful in this respect will be the fruits of corn, horsetail, rose, buckthorn bark, motherwort, mint, hawthorn. It is important to note that each plant has its own contraindications. Also important items in restoring health should be giving up bad habits of Smoking and alcohol abuse.

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