мода эпохи модерн«Belle Epoque» or «Belle Epoque», which is also called «art Nouveau» or «modern era» covered two decades at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Like any joint of two centuries, this period is characterized by important changes overdue in the life of society, which are reflected in its various guises. Fashion of art Nouveau extremely interesting is his transformations, which were a foreshadowing of the radical changes that occurred later.

The era of the art Nouveau began in the nineties years of the nineteenth century and lasted until the First World war. This time is characterized by major changes in female attire, which started to release ladies forms from former garments, close, asphyxiating, lush.


S-silhouette, a new skirt and sleeves

Modern clearly manifested in a female form, in the form of S-shaped silhouette. He was typical of convex line Breasts, narrow waist and a pronounced volume in the back of the dress. The fluffy skirt and silhouette, which in our days is reflected in the so-called «dresses Princess», in the nineties of the nineteenth century began to depart in the past. They narrowed considerably, but designers graciously left volume in the back, it successfully imitated overlays-турнюрами.

The change in the design of sleeves is another feature that characterizes the evolution of the ladies of the image of the art Nouveau period. In the early nineteenth century French Vogue гиперобъемные sleeve-pouffe, which appeared not only in women but also in man’s suit. A new turn of distribution they received at the turn of the century with its new name. So the epoch of art Nouveau has become a flourishing period sleeveless жиго (Franz. gigot – «ляжка»)that the silhouette is really were as this area is very lush, ruched in the area of the shoulder, they gradually narrowed to the wrist. By the end of the Belle Epoque sleeve at the top of the lost their former shape and became close to modern «lanterns», more convenient and suitable spirit of the time.


Impact sport

In 1896 thanks to Pierre Le Кубертену were revived the Olympic Games, has increased the importance of sport, which could not be captured in fashion. Women appeared spacious pants, narrowed down, which was easy to ride a bike. For women гольфисток invented corsets, which were more comfortable than traditional. Great strides began to develop a beach fashion, which included, for example, pants, knee-length dresses with short sleeves, wide sharp triangular lapels and indispensable part of the picture strip.


The main couturier era

Intricate forms, air and silhouettes pastel, which gradually gave way to more understated style, in the late nineteenth century continued to create a great French fashion designer Jacques Doucet. Luxury toilets his authorship wore famous Actresses of the time, who are happy wore satin, silk and lace. Followers of Jacques Doucet steel Madeleine Vionnet and the greatest reformer Paul Poiret, which subsequently played Coco Chanel.

Madeleine Вионе introduced a way to cut on the bias, due to which were born simple and elegant silhouettes dresses with beautiful flowing forms, flowing sleeves, made of a single piece of fabric. Work Madeleine Вионе can be considered forerunners of dresses with a smell that appeared only in the seventies.

Paul Poiret freed women from the corset: in 1905 thanks to him appeared shirt cut dresses, he also returned fashion silhouettes of ancient teaching of European women to wear tunics and kimono.

The whole period of the art Nouveau period covered creativity French Jeanne Пакен. Her fashion house was opened in 1891 and soon gained popularity among аристократок ordering her evening dress. She has worked in a relatively conservative style, offering outfits S-shaped silhouette, but became the first woman in the world of fashion, has achieved international recognition and even awarded the Order of the Legion of honor.

One cannot say that the designers of that time made revolution, forcing women unchain narrow corsets and refuse crinolines in favor of lung elegant outfits. The image of women of art Nouveau was the intermediary, when there was a gradual and painless refusal of the fancy, sometimes romantic, but not always comfortable volumes with the introduction of clean lines, hanging fabrics with the General trend for minimalism.

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