мода 18 векаFashion is cyclical, like all other processes, in one way or another involved a person throughout his life. For the period of prosperity should decrease, the dominance of asceticism and moral high ground can be replaced by an era of freedom and artificiality. Fashion of the 18th century marked a smooth transition from gluttony in the luxury of the previous century in a new, absorbing its main features, which were delicately adjusted. Fashion 18th century Rococo as a new word in the culture of visual images, carefully успокаиваемое still relevant classicism.

In the first half of the XVIII century, the era of the «Gallant century», which replaced the previous «the Great century». Images of the end of the XVII century were fanciful, insatiable in the richness of its decoration and the expression of emotional strokes personality, so long сковываемой удушливыми canons of the middle Ages. At first glance it may seem that fashion Baroque and Rococo do not differ from each other – the same beautiful dresses, ribbons, bows, corsets and free neckline. But a closer look at the image of the Rococo seem more polished. It was not nervous, almost accidental conglomeration of elegant draperies, festooned with accessories, as well-formed images, drawn under a single denominator.



мода 18 векаThe name «Rococo» is associated with the French designation of decoration in the form of a shell. In the sixteenth century silhouettes were bound in strict geometrical forms, in the seventeenth happened moderate liberation figure, shrouded softened lines. And all this for the sake of the eighteenth century it has happened again contraction figures, which this time was not a manifestation of piety. Fashion «Gallant century» with his powdered wigs and persons with painted flies and a blush was playful and light.

The Rococo style was fantastic and very feminine, that it is impossible to ignore and deny even in the men’s images. The woman in this era became the center of attention object of pleasure, she knew about it and, it seems, was not opposed. The lady of the eighteenth century – the coquettish, sometimes a bit frivolous, aware of their attractiveness to the opposite sex so strongly emphasizing the various tricks. The main of them were high bizarre hairstyles with буклями (natural hair often replaced wigs), narrow waist dresses, multi-layered skirt with heavy Drapes and deliberately raised area of the hips, which created the bold contrast with waist. Lush Breasts, slim waist and a wide range hips created the perfect visibility of the silhouette of the «hourglass», which to this day is considered to be the embodiment of female attractiveness. For the integrity of the female image answered two dresses: bottom – фрепон and top – modest. But the most striking detail of the tough, multi-layered skirt.

Skirt-panier (panier – in French «basket») became one of the main «sights» fashion of the 18th century. To give it rigidity and elevated form used a frame of wooden or steel rods, ladies wore dresses with a frame made of whalebone. Skirt-panier been one of the indicators of fashion eighteenth century as a manifestation of theatricality. It seems, in such outfits women could not do anything – just sit or slowly move on a walk or social events. Fashion «Gallant century» is a celebration of idleness, which was an integral attribute of a life of the great lady of the era.


Men’s fashion

мода 18 векаMale costumes of the XVIII century in many ways resembles the contours of a woman’s. The main part of the image men became жюстокор, which started wearing in the second half of the seventeenth century. This caftan adjoining silhouette, divergent about waist length about knee, had no collar, but it had a lot of little buttons. Over time жюстокор became more decorative: it wore незастегнутым, shyly skins with voluminous folds along the side seams. Later the front shelves at the bottom of the caftan is gone quite that gave birth to a new part of the male wardrobe – English dress suit. Panties remained an indispensable detail male costume but they lost decorative splendour and become laconic, complemented by stockings-кюлотами and exquisite shoes with sharp capes and heels, rather similar for the ladies ‘ shoes.

In the 70-ies of the XVIII century in men’s fashion Western Europe gradually ends domination of France, which gives the sphere of influence of England. Male image starts to reach for the simplicity and elegance, disappears shown splendor and theatricality. Even the most violent mods assess the practicality of casual outfits, so near the end of the century disappear bizarre hats and wigs. In female attire is increasingly used in a more simple, natural materials, replaced by shining silk, satin, taffeta come cotton and linen. By the end of the century awkward Rococo women’s fashion replaced Empire style, a hallmark of which was emphasized waist, more straight skirt and a shared commitment to the verticality in silhouette.

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