рыбий жирFish oil is a food additive which is derived from the liver of the fish of the cod family. Fish oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and docosahexaenoic acid), vitamins E, A and D. It is widely used for treatment and prevention of various diseases, including arthritis. Fish oil is traditionally given to children because of the high content of the vitamin D helps prevent rickets, to eliminate deficiency of vitamin D and vitamin deficiency.

What is fish oil

Fish oil is a transparent oily liquid of light-yellow colour with a weak specific smell. Fish oil is produced in the form of actual liquid and in capsules, more convenient to use.

Nutritionists insist on the need to limit animal fat in the diet. It is with excessive consumption of fatty meat and dairy products link and excess weight, and diseases of the digestive system and cardiovascular system diseases. However, contains valuable omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil stands alone among the fats of animal origin. The product is extremely good for health.

In the literature of the Soviet period is often referred to «nasty cod-liver oil», which caring mother were treated to their offspring. It is believed that fish oil helps to protect the child from rickets and strengthen the immune system. Over time, the popularity of the supplements descended, and give fish oil to children stopped. However, in the nineties of the twentieth century all over the world the interest to the positive health effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids that are contained including fish oil, and this product again became popular.

Omega-3 acid is famous due to its ability to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and some other cardiovascular diseases. Conducted by scientists of research studies have proven that those people whose diets lot of foods rich in omega-3 acids, the state of heart and vessels is significantly better than those of similar products neglect.

The body cannot independently to synthesize useful omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, therefore, in the diet must be present products, these acids contain. Such products are not many. These include some vegetable oil (linseed, mustard and false flax), as well as fish oil. The last is the most popular and accessible source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and certain vitamins.

In fish oil contains large amounts of vitamin A, which is necessary for growth and repair of cells of the skin and mucous membranes, as well as the formation of visual pigments. The lack of this vitamin in the diet signals deterioration of vision in low light conditions (the so-called «chicken blindness»), as well as dry skin and hair, exfoliating nails.

Many in fish oil and vitamin D, which is especially necessary for children for prevention of rickets. Vitamin D improves the assimilation of essential micronutrients such as phosphorus and calcium. Lack of this vitamin is calf muscle cramps, violation of the growth of bones and teeth, increased nervous irritability.

What are the properties

The benefits of fish oil is determined by the fact that it contains many of the necessary for our organism vitamins and other nutrients, including:

  • vitamin A is necessary for the preservation of good vision, especially in dim light, to maintain healthy skin, hair, and mucous membranes of the nose, throat, respiratory and digestive system, influences the processes of growth of bones and tooth enamel children, has antioxidant properties, helps to maintain the health of the immune system to resist bacterial and viral infections.
  • vitamin D: it is necessary for healthy bones and teeth, contributes to the penetration of calcium and phosphorus in the cells, prevents the propensity to cramps gastrocnemius muscles, increased nervous excitability.
  • omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties thanks to which help to relieve the symptoms of arthritis, improve brain function, reduce stress, prevent allergies, make it easier for asthma, help in the prevention and treatment of behavioral disorders, including bipolar personality disorder.
  • eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA): useful for the cardiovascular system, helps to reduce inflammation throughout the body. Has antidepressant properties.
  • docosahexaenoic acid (DHA): fatty acid important for good vision, healthy nervous system, the preservation of a healthy and beautiful skin.

Studies have shown that drinking one to two teaspoons of fish oil a day can help prevent serious diseases, including cancer, diabetes, arthritis, musculoskeletal pain, kidney disease and elevated cholesterol.

What are the side effects

Fish oil is generally harmless in moderate quantities, and studies have not found any serious adverse reactions to the product. However, fish oil contraindicated if you are hypersensitive, the presence of stones in the urinary and biliary tract, high thyroid function and a high level of vitamin D in the body. It is very important not to use fish oil in large doses, as this can lead to high blood pressure.

Do not assume that the fish oil is useful to all without exception. Like other natural products, it can cause allergic reactions. Moreover, you can additionally take fish oil during гипервитаминозах A and D, as well as the increased content of calcium in the blood. Renal and hepatic failure also are contraindications to the use of fish oil. In the presence of kidney stones or gall bladder, and also for gipertireoze from this product should also be abandoned. Another contraindication – blood clotting.

Children younger fish oil is given only when prescribed by a pediatrician and strictly in the recommended doses. Babies this product simply is harmful – it can lead to violations of metabolism and indigestion. Digestive problems can occur in older children at the use of low-quality fish oil. Unfortunately, due to the bad ecology fish liver, which is extracted fish oil is often contaminated, which could affect the quality of the final product.

Pregnancy and lactation period – a time when fish oil should drink only on the advice of a doctor. Listen to the advice of doctors and do not exceed the recommended dosage is recommended and older persons.

How to choose the right fish oil

Fish oil is produced by many manufacturers in various forms. Most importantly, perhaps, is to pay attention to quality fish oil. Fat having a heterogeneous consistency and spot – a sign of poor quality. Virtually any oil or grease should be kept in tightly closed containers dark color. Buying fish oil in the form of capsules, avoid large bottles, fish oil may прогоркнуть. Instead, choose capsules in a small bag, store them in the refrigerator and watch out for expiration date.

Most often, taking fish oil, complain about the smell and taste. Therefore it is better to buy it in the closed capsules.

Another disadvantage of fish oil is that it can contain high levels of mercury, which is known to adversely affect the function of the brain, as well as pregnancy. Therefore, future mothers better to limit your daily intake of fish oil.

In any case, before taking fish oils or any other dietary Supplement, be sure to discuss this with the doctor.

Fish fat and healthy teeth

Fish oil contains a number of substances that are beneficial to the teeth and oral cavity.

Dental health depends on the health of the gums. Vitamin A, which is rich in fish oil can prevent gum disease, which may result in them teeth.

Vitamin D in the composition of fish oil is also useful for teeth. The condition of jaws affect the fortress teeth. Vitamin D supplementation with calcium helps patients older save bone and prevent the loss of teeth.

Studies have shown that the consumption of omega-3 fatty acids, which is rich in fish oil, can facilitate healing after some ортодонтичских procedures such as teeth.

Fish oil and wrinkles

Causes of wrinkles on the face are heredity, age, sun exposure, Smoking, repeated facial movements, and others. Fish oil is an effective and inexpensive means for reducing wrinkles. It contains vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin A. Vitamin A (retinol) is a key ingredient in many wrinkle creams.

How to use fish oil as a means of wrinkles:

  • Remove from the face of all makeup. Clean skin thoroughly with mild soap and water and Pat dry.
  • Take a capsule of fish oil. Using a needle to puncture her once or twice.
  • Gently squeeze fish oil on the tip of your finger and put fat on each wrinkle. One capsule should be enough for all significant wrinkles on the face.

Fish oil and longevity

Fish oil can increase the life expectancy due to the high content of omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids help lower cholesterol levels, reduce the high blood pressure and prevents blood clots can all increase the duration of life. Fish oil is also struggling with inflammation, a condition associated with many diseases that shorten life, including those with diabetes. Research shows that fish oil can fight with other serious health threats such as heart disease and cancer.

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