исторический костюмFashion changes every season, but it remains unchanged in its inspiration images of the past, which unequivocally shown that in one or another designer collection. Looking back is not limited to the twentieth century, in which every decade was something radically new, different from the previous one. Historic costume increasingly become a subject of steadfast attention of the couturier who inadvertently attracted the views of the inhabitants of fashion to more distant epochs.

The most significant in historical costume as category are women’s dresses, which were in the period from the middle Ages until the late nineteenth century. In these years the development of fashion was going very slowly for a century or even longer remained the same direction in a cut of the costume and decorating it. It was a time of clear separation of male and female costume, what one can not say today, when distributed androgynous style and unisex.

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Historic costume Medieval

About the birth of historical costume can talk since the early middle Ages, as before, in the period of Antiquity, people wore simple clothing, which could not be called a suit as such. In the Middle ages, the suit as layered set – it was stipulated by lower long shirt (tunic) with long sleeves and fully covering the legs, it was put contrasting color top shirt or a dress that had a shorter skirt and a sleeve. At that time, the clothes were the most utilitarian, even noble people she differed splendor and diversity.

In the XIII century began complication costume, which became a multi-layered. Over the bottom of the shirt women wore котту, top dress of linen, wool, silk three primary colors (red, green and blue). On top of cats for a while syurko element outerwear of noble fabrics, were very common cloaks with hoods and пелеринами, with long sleeves and without them. Womens dress соркани that зашнуровывалось at the waist and приподнимало chest, it was considered a luxury, and that in that era rigidly порицалась. Hats were an integral part of the costume of both women and men. The variety of their forms compensated modesty dresses.

Costume of the late middle ages this is the story of violations of the prohibitions on the chic in the image. In the period between the sixteenth and eighteenth century layering increased, although to the volumes of costumes in later eras was still far away. Worn lower and upper garment, and each layer consisted of three to five obligatory elements – a real «onion».

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The diversity of four centuries of fashion

Renaissance really revived fashion, especially visible in the change of the female costume. At the end of the XVI century there was a rigid frame skirt, which gave the figure of the splendor and volume, dresses steel sewing of expensive materials, had already not limited set of colors, and the glittering splendour of the design.

In the XVII century men suit had significantly paramilitary traits, women continued to suck the luxury which now richly manifested in numerous accessories that have become an integral part of the image. The XVII and XVIII century, became the most popular in terms of borrowing historic costume in our days. It is the age of Baroque and Rococo to their tendency to dazzling splendor skirts, rich decoration accessories, embroidery often associated with the historic costume in principle.

In the beginning of XIX century craving for luxury in a suit gradually weaken, which was noticeable in аскетичном an Empire style, and then and in the romantic dress with шнурованным a marked waist and puffed sleeves. At the junction of the following centuries the woman was released from the close of the corset, with his disappearance mark sunset historical costume.

In the beginning of XX century was born her Majesty fashion – designers will henceforth dictate what to wear for men and women, clothes gradually began to lose the relationship with a particular era and its requirements to the appearance. The era of the art Nouveau or art Nouveau with more natural lines and refusal from the pomp, became «the last sign», which marked the transition from a suit to individual style.

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Historic costume in our days

Left far in the past, historic costume continues its already a passive life in the present. Where he is in demand first of all? First of all, is a representation of reality previous historical epochs in theatrical productions and films. Certainly they are used stylization – tailoring of new costumes, fully copy the style of any particular period. Many people are fond of historical reenactment and in your free time with pleasure devote themselves to the exciting dive into the world of the middle Ages or luxury Rococo, slipping into a re-sewn costumes.

Wedding and carnival party, including the famous Venice carnival is a good time for the full recreation of historical costume. The most popular place here is the period from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. In individual cases, which are rare exceptions to the rules may be worn authentic historical costume, remaining, for example, from the era of the art Nouveau.

Basically, all the originals left a rich heritage of distant Renaissance or Baroque, as the Apple store in museums. They cannot be put on, but you can admire the beauty, style, or restraint of historical costume, which gave birth to many modern style in clothes.

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