история бриллиантовMore than half a century diamonds called best friends of girls, they continue to compose songs, and their dazzling radiance still charms the hearts of women and facilitates mens wallets. Who would have thought that when the diamonds were considered second-class stones in jewelry, valued much less than rubies or emeralds. This time passed long ago, and on change to it has come it is time to first diamond, and then and diamond fever. History of diamonds – is a multi-story describing an interesting transition from ignoring the full worship.


A sample of pure delights

Do not confuse a diamond and diamond is not the same, but one is the «parent» for another. There is a strong expression «as неграненый Almaz», it is often used to describe a pure person without experience, untouched by the negative influences of the surrounding world. When he finds qualitative cut, he starts in a figurative sense Shine all their faces. That is, becomes a true diamond. These metaphors can be considered as a direct guide to understanding the essence of diamonds.

Неграненый diamond is not the diamond, he became, after appropriate processing, that will reveal the full potential of stone, allowing it to become the main character of expensive jewelry. This is a fact well reflected in the history of diamonds: until people learned to well огранять natural stones, diamonds are not valued as highly as today. And all due to the lack of lustre and faces, transparency of the purest spring water, which is mixed with rays of light.


Journey to the West

The first oilfield natural diamond was India, which at all times gave great importance to the jewelry with stones. The first Indian jewelers ограняли diamonds, which then were decorated with statues of the gods. In 327 BC Alexander the great, performing a journey from India to Europe, brought there and diamonds, which are highly appreciated, but who are very far from today their status. In the future, diamonds continued introduced from Asia (India, China, Malaysia and other areas) in Europe traders.

In the middle Ages it was possible to speak about the diamond fever European values, which became the center of Venice. In the thirteenth century, the Italian city the beginning of the rapidly developed glass industry. The Venetians were able to handle glass, creating him a real work of art, and the famous Venetian merchants, завезшие in Italy diamonds, opened a new page in the history of both the city and diamonds. To 1330 in Venice jewelers started polishing and facet diamonds in its methodology, which later they borrowed in France and Belgium.

In the fifteenth century way of the cutting and polishing of diamonds with the transformation of the precious diamonds brought to perfection in Northern Europe – began to apply for this special purpose machines. In 1477) Maximilian Austrian gave his future wife, Mary of Burgundy a diamond ring in a sign of engagement. Was based on the tradition that as a way of expressing love still used all over the world.


African history

Until the beginning of the eighteenth century, India continued to be the largest supplier of неграненых diamonds for the production of European diamonds, but its monopoly ended, when the first Deposit was found in Brazil. After a half century in Kimberley (South Africa) were discovered natural deposits of diamonds, now called kimberlite pipes. Later they were found in India, then Canada, the entire twentieth century of intensive extraction of natural diamonds in South America.

Diamond fever marked the beginning of the modern era, which is impossible without the diamond jewellery as essential attributes of luxury. Very soon, in the late nineteenth century in South Africa was founded by the De Beers company, which is engaged in a full diamond cycle – from extraction of natural or development of synthetic diamonds to the release of jewelry from them. Diamond is Forever («a Diamond is forever») is their slogan, which tempts not one generation of diamond jewellery connoisseurs.


New facets of jewelry art

In 1919 in London published a book by a young mathematician Marcel Толковского «Diamond Design». Born in the family of jewelers, Толковский could not be interested in diamonds, but did so as an expert in her field. In the eighteenth century jewelers tried to take the form of a diamond that would best «gripped» from his dazzling play of light, but they could not. Толковский gave the answer to their questions, described the form of a perfect diamond, citing a detailed analysis of the refraction of light on his face. This form is now known as the «diamond Толковского» and is considered the standard.

The number of faces of a perfect diamond increased over time. In the sixteenth century in Europe have used cut «rose», «double rose», «the Dutch rose». Diamonds Mazarin (on behalf of Cardinal Mazarin), appeared a century later, had thirty-four faces. A little later, Venetian jeweller Vincenzo Peruzzi has developed a complex system of cut, thanks to which appeared diamonds with fifty-seven faces. In the twentieth century, each cut form established itself as a certain number of faces. Diamond Princess», for example, boasts one and a half hundreds of faces.

History of diamonds continues fingers around their necks and women who are attracted to these shining precious stones high cost. They can be both transparent and colored yellow, green, pink, brown. From private collections or directly from the jewelry shops many diamonds, jewelry or without them, depart in auction houses, where people buy them for millions of dollars. Most famous brands producing jewelry on the basis of diamonds, De Beers, Cartier, Tiffany & Co, Harry Winston, Graff, Steinmetz, Mouawad.

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