техника массажаMassage, probably the oldest therapeutic method known to man. Massage is incredibly popular nowadays. There is no one massage technique and a lot of schools aimed at addressing complex or specific health problems.

Every professional masseur its own set of movements and methods of interaction with the patient, but any individual technique, as a rule, is based on a set of standard movements.

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Vertical strokes

Stroking is a simple but effective movement that is performed in the direction of circulation. Pats are eliminating the liquid stasis in a damaged and tired tissues, thereby relieving swelling and reducing probability of development of inflammatory processes. Soft, light strokes are widely used in a relaxing massage.

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Kneading

Kneading can be performed in a number of ways, it all depends on what part of the hand involved in this movement, so, for example, there are kneading with your fingers and kneading with his palm. The degree of pressure exerted on a particular area of the human body, depends on the focus of massage and tissue density, above which the therapist works. When performing petrissage also play an important role in the rhythm and amplitude of movements, as the pressure on the fabric is not continuous, and in certain short intervals.

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Myofascial release

Myofascial release is a manual technique of stretching the muscle surfaces with the aim of normalizing body balance. Fascia is the layer of tissue located between the skin and muscle-bone layer, in fact, it is the connective tissue that covers and connects the muscles, organs and bone structure. Trauma, injury, stress and poor posture – all this leads to a reduction of these tissues, so the main goal of myofascial relaxation is to restore the fascia and removing stagnant and stressful events in these tissues.

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Impact on trigger points

Trigger points are muscle hyperactivity, where often accumulate the greatest amount of tension, such places are delicate and often respond to the touch discomfort and even pain. Impacts on these points is aimed at relieving stress in these zones, but the relaxation and stretching of tissues.

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Deep transverse friction

Transverse friction is performed by the fingers and directed to the processing of cross-connective tissues. During the execution of this movement the pressure of the vibrating are some character turns in the direction of muscle fibers. Usually this technique is used when working on tendons and sprains to relieve pain and prevent swelling in the damaged tissues. Such seals lead to further inflammation and damage muscle tissue.

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Pressure or compression massage

Rhythmic pressure on specific muscle points have a deep, softening effect, such movements are used to warm the muscles in preparation for more specific techniques of massage. Compression massage is used widely in sports medicine.

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Massage cross fiber

In fact, this technique is a cross rubbing, aimed at stretching and straightening surround groups of muscles, sometimes this massage is applied on some areas, but in any case, the purpose of these movements is the elimination of congestion and improvement of the plasticity of muscle tissue.

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Swedish massage

The Swedish massage technique is characterized by the presence of long stroking movements, kneading, rubbing, tapping, vibrating and shaking.

The standard sequence of movements in Swedish massage are as follows: Strokes, that is, perform stroking movements with the palms, thumbs, fingers, or all fingers simultaneously, followed by kneading, vibration, tapping quick and in the end it is stretching and twisting.

Each masseur has his own Arsenal of special techniques and movements, sometimes changing their sequence, but conserved primary principle effects on the problem areas and points.

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Useful advice to a novice therapist

Performing massage, try to work their own body weight, and not by force of arms. If you are doing massage, working only with his hands and fingers, this massage won’t last long, as the hand and wrist will get tired very quickly. Considerable importance is the position of the person you do the massage. At home in the absence of a massage table the client can sit on the floor (on a pillow), and myself to sit on the couch, for example, or to put people on a chair, and massage to perform standing behind him. Massage can be performed in the supine position, but in this case fail to pay sufficient attention to stretching the muscles.

Massage without oil is anything, but only not the massage. The oil not only softens and moisturizes the skin, the oil pressure exerted on the skin and muscles will be distributed more evenly. Never pour oil directly on your back or other parts of the body of the patient, apply a small amount of oil on your palms, slightly warm it and then perform the massage movements.

Do no harm! Massage should not be aggressive, even if you are dense enough and heavy traffic. Somebody pinch me or pull the skin, try to work the whole surface of the palm of your hand or hold your fingers together. Massage is a bit like creating a sculpture: first, you soften the clay and in the same way we heat and prepare the muscles for the massage, and then mash them.

Make sure you communicate with the person you do the massage, ask how it feels to be your patient, adjust the pressure based on the patient’s sensations and specifics of the treatment area.

Massage is the simplest and most affordable therapeutic technique, which if desired can master anyone, besides, massage is a great way to refresh a romantic relationship between partners and to help each other relax after a busy day.

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