средневековая модаThe Medieval epoch covers about a thousand years during which formed and evolved fashion has become a source of inspiration for subsequent ages. In our days the designers did not cease to apply to the motives of this period, and it is inevitable. Medieval fashion lasted for many hundreds of years, gave the world a lot of interesting images, reflected in different styles, from the romantic to the Gothic.


Chaste clothing

The middle ages is characterized by the strong influence of the Church and religious upbringing, which could not discover its influence in the suit. In the early middle Ages (V-XIII century) European men and women of all without exception had to hide the body under the clothes, not leaving a single plot except wrists and a small area of throat cut. This period was very differed from Antiquity, in which denoted the beauty of the human body and luxury garments. Now on this beauty was a taboo, and the clothes were very simple.

Early middle Ages is characterized by mostly invoice clothing, the one that was put over his head like the costumes of the period of the Ancient Kingdom in Egypt. Embroidery ornaments has been applied very rarely due to the fact that the traditions were lost in centuries, so clothes were mostly plain, dyed with natural dyes. Fabrics for clothes also were used the most simple, for example, flax.


The desire to layering

Over time, the suit became a multilayered, and defined the sequence of its parts was mandatory. So male and female costume began with the bottom of the shirt – камизы, a long white tunic long sleeve, which concentrated on the wrists. On камизу put on cotta, which in men over time varied in length, notably укорачиваясь. In the centuries lost not only the length hem of Cotto, but its sleeve, which became very short. Cloak syurko wore котту.

In addition to the above items of clothing men also wore BDT and шоссы. BDT – bottom spacious pants, which eventually укорачивались and decreased in volume, while not turned in tiny panties, rather, in their early predecessors. Wearing BDT was supplemented by mandatory шоссами. Them more appropriate to call the ancestors of the modern stocking, but in middle ages they were worn only by men. Шоссы reached mid-thigh, closing leg, which covered from above outerwear. In the XIV century in the men’s European fashion appeared doublet – camisole, reaching up to mid-thigh and having fitted silhouette.

Until men suit укорачивался and becomes more contiguous female dresses appeared features Oriental style with its thrust to the heavy skirts and flowing fabrics. XIV century is characterized by an unprecedented in Europe open neckline, who opened the decollete area. In addition, the style became more liberal, allowing women could decorate their clothes, decorating them with embroidery, buttons, dart, who emphasized the charms the ladies ‘ figure. The bells, which позвякивали when walking, were sewed on the dress of both women and men.

All these fashionable innovations were not to the liking of the legislature, which had to wear clothes of noble fabrics certain estates. So silk, brocade, gold embroidery, velvet and other tissues could only wear members of the upper classes, others had to restrain their fashion impulses.

In the middle of the XIV century started wearing упелянды – outfits with open front part of a broad, long sleeves, and then became transformed. Упелянд were representatives of the nobility, but not for long. Already to the twentieth years of the XV century in his place came Rob, brightly characterizes the Gothic style with its open neckline, long train and conical hats, tending upwards. Volume of the draped skirts demanded comfortable shoes – niche тулии at a very high platform, which are worn by both women and men.

Red, purple, blue, blue, yellow, brown colors were most common in medieval clothes. White is not used for clothing noble ladies who wore only dresses, because they had to look wealthy, and therefore, the fabric should be in color.

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