шелкPleasure from the touch of silk fabric comparable to those experienced by women, touching natural fur. Both of these material associated with luxury, which is not available to everyone. And if wearing fur has a mass of contradictions and enough opponents, silk fabric, which causes only positive emotions and admiration and a desire to possess them.

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History fabric

Silk is a natural fabric, which is obtained from the cocoon of a butterfly silkworm. It is known for its ease, smoothness and, of course, its beautiful iridescent radiance, for which it is so appreciated fashion designers. The silk is a lot of advantages, among them great physical properties. It combines with their lightness and strength, thanks to which the clothing and textiles from it are of high quality. If you provide a silk fabric proper care, it will last very long. Not in vain this material started life as three thousand years ago and since then refined and transformed, expanding its range and types of products that can be produced from it.

The birthplace of silk is China, and with his appearance is a Chinese legend. According to her, the Emperor Huang Di (also known as the Yellow Emperor, who lived around 2600 BC) was the wife, who taught his people to grow caterpillars for further silk threads. At the same time, in Ancient China, wove already several kinds of silk, which tried to make stronger and changed color using the color.

Despite the incredible popularity of silk fabric, which has spread beyond the state, the secret of silk production and materials kept in the strictest confidence. The issuing could pay with their lives, so for centuries, the production was concentrated in China. But with the passage of time the great silk road stretched from Asia to Europe and then in the countries of the New world. In the middle Ages silk started fabric in Italy, which supplied luxurious textiles whole of Europe, and today the production is also India, Brazil, the Middle East, but more than half of the world production is still on China.

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Production technology

Production of silk thread – process interesting, challenging and requires a great delicacy. The silk worm eats the leaves of mulberry (mulberry), and some time is wrapped in a cocoon, formed protein substance that hardens in the air. Weaving and hardening of the cocoon lasts about a week, further task – literally unravel this cocoon on the threads, following a special technology. Silk thread is triangular section, thanks to which the finished fabric gets his famous radiance that is so appreciated.

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Physical properties of silk and care for them

Advantages of silk is the versatility and excellent temperature control. Silk clothing, gently warms in the coolness, but it can be easily worn in heat – material has excellent cooling properties. Hypoallergenic is another major characteristic of silk, as natural fabrics usually have high allergenicity.

All this concerns only natural silk, synthetic and blended fabrics indicators are much lower. But the diversity of species is not limited to natural and artificial silk, natural there are many kinds of silk, their physical qualities depend on the type of butterfly moth, the country of production, the method of extraction and processing.

Washable silk stuff you need only special means for delicate fabrics, manual washing. The water should be warm, the product can greatly pressing, dry in the sun, or iron, or on the battery. If in doubt about the safety of things, it’s better to give it to the dry cleaners.

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The use of silk in the fashion industry

Fashion designers have successfully used silk fabrics in their spring-summer and autumn-winter collections. Every time his noble radiance and variability find themselves in ethnic collections, in the lines of the evening and wedding dresses, and also in collections of feminine blouses, shawls and scarves, which serve as basic detail of clothes and stylish accessories, complementary Matt total look.

Most luxuriously silk fabric looks floral motifs, ethnic patterns, in cut Japanese kimono antique tunic with a print in the form of traditional Chinese painting or the finest blouse elegant thin tie.

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