виды кружеваDifferent types of lace are named depending on how they are made, and there are many. Each type is characterized by its charm weaving.

Needle lace

виды кружеваIt is done with a needle and thread. This is the most flexible of all kinds of lace. While some types of lace braid faster than most subtle коклюшечное lace, manufacturing of other requires a lot of time. Some believe needle lace pinnacle of the art of lace-making. The finest antique needle lace made of a very thin thread, which is now not possible. The most delicate and expensive needle lace was called the Rose Point. Figure first was on paper, often fortified with a piece of cloth, and executed by design. Usually there were roses, and some other colors.

First Lacemaker performs design thicker thread to facilitate the work. The next stage – filling the outline of a flower is much more thin thread with different stitches. The motive of thin lace for decoration handkerchief requires a three-day work. To make a bigger pieces, all motives (medallions) are stitched together such a thin thread that it can distinguish only an expert eye. Certificate, dated 1922 year, argues that the veil made for Queen Elizabeth, was made of 12 000 000 stitches.

White expanse

виды кружеваThere are many types of white surface, but the three main methods of Agur, Richelieu and a classic white surface. The delicate lace is performed by pulling the threads. This type of Norwegian Hardanger. Richelieu is performed using cut patterns from the basis of the fabric, and then the decorative treatment of the edges. Made embroidery Broderie Anglaise and Italian ретичелла is too kinds of Richelieu. Classic white smooth surface is carried out with the help of the embroidery stitches varying depths to create more light and dark shades. Often this is done on a particularly fine fabrics, such as thin flax, Baptiste, muslin, органди, or on the grid. A typical classic white surface is Irish Carrickmacross, Scottish айршир, the Dresden lace and floral variation Indian drawings.

Бобинное lace

As the name suggests, this lace is performed using the bobbins and pillows. Бобинное, or коклюшечное, lace done on the bobbins (about 1200 for complex drawings). The pattern is drawn on paper or parchment, and pins stuck along the lines of the picture, through parchment, in the pillow. The free ends of the strands wound on the bobbins, and wrapped around the pins, then bobbins are thrown through each other at the top, bottom, or around, mixing and twist the threads according to the profile. Patterns can connect to the net, or a spider web.

Tape lace

виды кружеваThis name refers to the lace, which uses the ribbon or tape. This can be lace, handmade, or by a machine. Tape intertwined in the figure, and then individual motives are connected and decorated with movable needle or коклюшечным lace. For centuries tape lace called differently: the mezzo Punto, lace «Renaissance», and later Brussels lace. Tape lace-making is a relatively quick way to create a lace fabric, using the finished tape, which today is most often made by a machine. Long narrow ribbons connect manually. Machine tape has a more pronounced bends, because it is not easy bypasses the corners. Some of the tapes have one side of the thread which you can draw, to achieve a more strong bending. Tapes, woven manually on the bobbins, usually have more naturally curved corners. After washing machine lace lies not so smoothly.

Knotted lace, including macrame and tatting

Tatting lace is done using the hook, or a special needle. Macrame is an ancient art that has come to Europe in the 8th century, when the Moors brought it with the middle East. From Europe sailors spread that art around the world. In the 19th century it gained popularity, and since then included in Vogue, then goes out of it. Macrame use to create portraits, KOs, brushes, bags, belts, backs of chairs and hammocks.

Lace, crochet

виды кружеваCrochet is a chain technics of knitting, which is performed by catch up loops and threading them into each other вязальным hook. Each loop is pulled through the other, forming a chain. In this chain woven other loops, and gradually formed a canvas. Fragments of knitting can be run from a single thread, forming a whole canvas, executed in different patterns. Loops can be double and triple, creating more dense and more free sites, resulting in the effect of lace. What the thread is used in knitting, significantly affects the outcome. Crochet – easy, quick and easy technique. The most famous lace, crochet is Irish lace.

Основовязаное lace, including Shetland lace, for example, shawls, so thin that they can pass through a wedding ring.

Machine lace – lace any style, created with the help of mechanical devices.

Tips for working with lace

виды кружеваAlthough lace is quite expensive, nothing can make clothing such a unique, like a piece of beautiful lace fabric. And if you know how to properly work with lace, you do not spend money for nothing. First, select the best and most accessible kind of lace, which you can afford. Think about the composition of the material. Lace made of cotton with 10% of the content of polyester for strength – the most expensive but will last longer and be clean from time to time and washings. This lace is much more beautiful than nylon. Nylon lace can deteriorate in contact with a hot iron. Next, determine type of lace in accordance with how you will use it (how many lace you need, and what kind of clothes you put him). Алансонское lace is a floral motifs on a netted basis, with an outline of Silken cord, or threads. Chantilly lace is soft lace, which can be beautifully decorated with intricate patterns. Гипюровое lace embroidery on a basis that is later removed, leaving only the patterns. Motives usually can be easily cut off from each other.

Be sure to отутюжьте lace before you use it. Place it face down on a towel on top of the lace put a piece of silk organza, and press iron. You can use for this purpose wax paper to restore the quality of lace. Using starch spray, spray lace and wait a couple of minutes, until the fabric absorbs it, and then smooth out through a special fabric. Be careful not to use too hot iron, or too much steam.

Отутюжив lace, you are ready to begin sewing. Prepare all lace motifs, mark the top and side seams motives. Leave large allowances for joints. Place the lace fabric and pin to pin. Use a small sharp scissors to cut the lace. Again check whether the lace over the edge of the fabric. Apply lace each other or combined so that in total figures coincided. Trim away any excess lace, or the places where figures do not match. Place a cloth on the bottom, connect with lace, and further work with these layers as with one piece of fabric. Pin lace and baste thread contrast color all important seam lines.

To create invisible wrinkles on the lace, locate the front edge, lay the fold on the lace, pin pin and sew manually. Then trim the excess lace.

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