винирыVeneers of porcelain veneers, or coverage of dental porcelain) represent superfine plates of dental material. Such overlays are executed on the order of material close in colour to the natural color of tooth enamel. Veneers are designed to eliminate dental defects and improve the appearance of teeth. Veneers are installed on the front surface of the teeth, depending on the aim pursued, this overlay allows you to adjust the color of the tooth, change its size, shape or length.

Dental veneers are made of porcelain or composite materials. Porcelain veneers are more resistant to the formation of plaque and color changes than composite, and much better mimic inherent native teeth reflection. Composite veneers more subtle, for their installation does not require the removal of a significant layer of the tooth enamel. An experienced dentist will help to determine what type of veneers most appropriate in a particular case.

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Problems that destroy with veneers

As a rule, veneers are installed in the following cases:

  • Discoloration of tooth enamel
  • Erased the bottom edge of the tooth
  • When chipped and broken teeth
  • When atypical form of teeth, their uneven location, if there are inconsistencies in length
  • Crevices and gaps between the teeth veneers “closer” teeth)

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The installation procedure veneers

In most cases, veneers you at least three times have to visit the office at the dentist. The first visit, as a rule, allocated for consultation, two follow-up directly on the manufacture and installation of veneers. One visit to the dentist you can set the veneer on one tooth or several teeth.

During the consultation explain in detail the doctor exactly what problems you are concerned about, and what results you want to achieve by setting veneers. In the course of scheduled inspection specialist decides whether veneers solve your problem, if so, the next step is the initiation of a patient in procedure details and acquaintance with the methods of care veneers and safety measures. For the manufacture of veneer dentist may need x-ray and an impression of your teeth.

Before installing the veneer must be obecity tooth, that is, to remove about half-millimetre of tooth enamel, the thickness of the volume of remote enamel equivalent to the thickness of the veneer. Depending on the situation turning tooth can happen with the presence of anesthesia or without it. An impression of your teeth is sent to the laboratory where under this impression will be made to your veneers. To perform veneers takes from one to two weeks. For aesthetic reasons on the treated teeth prior to the installation of permanent veneers a specialist can put temporary, but this service is paid in addition.

Installation of veneers is on the top surface of the tooth by landing on dental cement. Until the final installation dentist can set and remove veneer, podrachivaya and adjusting it according to the shape of your teeth and the desired result. The color of the veneers can be adjusted using the correct shade of cement. Before the actual installation of the veneer doctor cleans the surface of the tooth, grinds it and etch for veneer attached as stiff as possible. On the veneer is applied right amount of cement, then veneer placed on the tooth surface. After the final planting on the veneer is directed beam of light. The light activates linking the components of cement and promotes more rapid solidification and solid fixation. In conclusion, the doctor removes the excess cement, estimates the bite and, if necessary, performs additional correction.

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What are the advantages vinilovogo coating of teeth

  • Approximate to the natural appearance of the teeth
  • Good sensitivity of the gums to the porcelain
  • Resistance porcelain veneers to the formation of plaque and stains
  • Possibility of the selection of color and visual whitening tooth surface with vinilovogo coverage
  • Unlike crowns veneers do not require large-scale grinding of teeth, when they are more reliable and aesthetically attractive alternative.

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Disadvantages veneers

  • Installation of veneers is an irreversible process, you will not be able to remove them when you want to.
  • The cost of veneers is much higher composite bonding.
  • In the case of a split or cracked veneers are not subject to restoration.
  • Due to the removal of the top layer of enamel can be increased tooth sensitivity to hot and cold food or drinks.
  • The color of the veneers may not fully match the shade of tooth enamel, and if the veneer is already installed, change its color anymore. If you are planning to undergo the process of teeth whitening, better do it before veneers.
  • In rare cases, possible shifts veneers or their loss. In order not to face such, try not to bite your nails, GRIZ not the tip of a pencil or pen, don’t bite too hard and dry food. Avoid excessive pressure on the teeth and veneers in particular.
  • Vinilovie floor does not protect the tooth from decay, with extensive destruction may need a crown.
  • Unfortunately, the veneers are not suitable for people with unhealthy teeth and gums, with subtle or atypical tooth enamel.
  • If you are used tightly gripping his teeth, then your case porcelain veneers not the best choice. Too high a pressure can cause chipping or cracking.

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How long can I wear veneers

Usually veneers are kept from five to ten years. Veneers do not need any specific care, the main thing is to follow the basic rules of oral hygiene and regular visits to a dentist.

Porcelain veneers are resistant to stains, but in some cases, the expert may recommend to avoid coloring food and drinks such as tea, coffee or red wine.

Alternative veneers are crowns and different types of bonding. Veneers are more suited to people who want to significantly change the shape of teeth, because often “capacity” does not cope with this task.

The best way of correction of teeth with veneers, bonding or crowns can determine your dentist.

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