влажные салфеткиIt would seem, what could be more banal and ordinary than wet wipes? They are everywhere, in the kitchen, in the portfolio of a student, in the handbag fashionista in the baby carriage. Everyone knows that the main function of all tissues to bear the pure and fresh, but wet wipes do the job, depends on a number of factors: the material from which they are made, seal, packing, size and so on.

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A bit of history

Wet wipes came about in the mid 50-ies of the last century. People began to travel more, increased demands for comfort and cleanliness and a need for tools that allow to reach this maximum comfort possible. In the late 70’s mothers and babies have the opportunity to use a special baby wet wipes, thin wipes, Packed in round plastic container. By the end of the last century, assortment of wet wipes has expanded significantly, and increased the number of brands have changed their appearance and packaging, the wipes are bigger and thicker.

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Types of wet wipes

  • Baby wipes: here everything is clear, these wipes help clean baby’s skin in the absence of access to water and children’s soap.
  • Wet wipes for the household: this broad category includes certain types of wipes for cleaning floor, glass, leather surfaces, furniture.
  • Cosmetic wet wipes: the most popular form of napkins, napkins for removing makeup, there are also special cloths with anti-aging effect for skin, nail Polish remover, and so on.
  • Sanitary napkins: this is a broad category of wet wipes for feminine intimate hygiene, to cleanse the face, wiping the hands or body. This group also includes wet toilet paper.
  • Wet wipes for industrial and professional use: there are wet wipes for car care, remove cleaning products, wipes for dental and other medical industries.

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Wet wipe: composition

Have you ever wondered what makes usual wet wipes this moisture? What is the quality of the cloth and its effectiveness? Let’s take a closer look at what, exactly, are wet wipes.

For impregnating wet wipes are special solutions of either water-based or emulsion. Any solution should be protected from the ingress of bacteria and fungi, such protection is essential for the security of the end user. The role of protective barrier, in this case, perform the preservatives that protect the liquid component of wet wipes from the penetration and reproduction of microorganisms. In some cases a high content of alcohol in the impregnation of wipes extra preservatives are not used. Medical wet wipes, providing a high level of disinfection, generally contain a high percentage of alcohol, in some brands, the proportion of the alcohol reaches 70%.

As for cosmetic wipes, here the situation is different. The modern consumer is well enough informed about potentially hazardous ingredients, so the companies producing wet wipes for the face and body, trying to limit the composition of their products share of questionable ingredients, including preservatives and alcohol.

Wet wipes without the smell a lot less than the flavored. Pleasant fragrance of the wipes is achieved by adding to the impregnation of a certain set of fragrances and aromatic components, consisting of volatile chemical compounds. Aroma wipes may consist of 50-150 different oils, extracts and other substances with a pleasant smell, as well as in perfumery, the fragrances of wet wipes are divided into several groups: citrus, fruity, floral, chypre and so on. Aromatic chord, that is a smell which we perceived, formed, and three or four notes (top, middle and base).

  • Surface-active agents (surfactants)

The role of surface – active substances or sufactant in the composition of the wet wipes is to improve the cleaning abilities of the fabric, which made the cloth. Surfactants are presented in the form of spherical or tubular structures called micelles. The micelle is important to improve the softness and effectiveness of the wipes, they prevent the separation of solid particles from the liquid component impregnation. In addition, sufactant act as emulsifiers, facilitating better connection of water and oil components.

  • Emollients or emollients

Emollients, removing dirt from the skin, leaving it dry, that is, preventing penetration of fluid into the epidermis, creating on the skin a protective film. Such napkins designed to care for problem skin, the composition impregnating these wipes eliminates the itch and protect the skin from external stimuli.

  • Other ingredients

In the impregnation of wet wipes may include regulators of pH, which are most often citric acid or sodium citrate. The pH of wet wipes is as close to the pH of healthy skin and is around 4.5 -5.0.

Antioxidants in wet wipes prevent the oxidation of oils that are often included in the composition of the solution, and unpleasant odors. As most commonly used antioxidant vitamin E.

Moisturizing ingredients, such as D-panthenol are added to the impregnation for an extra softening and hydration of the skin. Such ingredients mostly included cosmetic wipes for hands, face or removing makeup.

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